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Glossary

Abordage

Heurt entre deux navires.

Accidental pollution

Pollution which results from a sudden event, independently of human will.

Adsorption

Physicochemical phenomenon in which a chemical accumulates on the surface of a solid (at its interface with air, water…) or any other liquid or gaseous fluid.

Anti-adherent

Agent designed to stop a pollutant from sticking in the areas where it is applied before the pollution arrives.

Armement

Action d’armer un navire, de le pourvoir de tous les moyens nécessaires à la navigation.

Aromatic

Property of a compound which contains one or more benzene rings, which give it a particular smell, an “aroma” (e.g. hydrocarbons).

Asphalt

A sticky, black, highly viscous liquid or semi-solid composed almost entirely of bitumen, used for surfacing roads and for waterproofing.

Avarie

Dommage subi par le navire ou la cargaison.

Balise

Émetteur radioélectrique positionné par satellite, qui permet le repérage d’une nappe de pétrole.

Ballast

Compartment of a vessel which can be filled, or partially filled, with water to stabilise the vessel.

Last update: 17/04/2014