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Effects of pollution by hydrocarbons on immune capacities of marine organisms / Anne Bado Nilles

Effects of pollution by hydrocarbons on immune capacities of marine organisms / Anne Bado Nilles

 

Thesis jointly supervised by the University of La Rochelle. PhD jointly supervised by: Hélène THOMAS-GUYON, University of La Rochelle

Committee: Claire QUENTEL, Stéphane LE FLOCH, Hélène BUDZINSKI, Eric FEUNTEUN, Paco BUSTAMANTE, Michel GIRIN, Gilles SALVAT

 

Abstract: The effects of PAHs, considered among the most toxic by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, were tested in vitro and in vivo on two commercial species of the Pertuis-Charentais (Charente-Maritime, France): sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, and the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. This study was carried out as part of the European project EROCIPS with the aim of finding new immunological biomarkers caused by occasional pollution by hydrocarbons. During in vitro experimentation, pollutants and immunological biomarkers were choosen. Thereafter, the in vitro exposures to the soluble fraction of Erika s heavy fuel oil and its fluxant, light cycle oil, began. These exposures enable the validation of the experimental system used, with, in particular, the measurement of bioaccumulated PAHs and metabolites and of choice of the immune biomarkers. The phenoloxidase activity of molluscs and the haemolytic activity of the alternative complement pathway of fish were proposed, for the first time, as suitable biomarkers for the evaluation of pollutant risks in field conditions. 

 

Bibliographical reference: www.cedre.fr/pmb/opac_css/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=4011

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05/03/2015 10:34 am